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In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero. University of Hawaii, West Oahu. BUSA Figure of the text contains a list of the features provided by most integrated accounting packages. Of these, the most important is the fact that the software integrates the major accounting modules payables, receivables, inventory, payroll, and general ledger —i.


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For example, they cannot guard against certain forms of hacking such as spoofing—i. A proxy server is a computer and related software that acts as a gateway between internal corporate users and the Internet. One of the primary security functions of a proxy server is to control web access e. However, proxy servers can also run the software that creates internal firewalls. Data encryption refers to transforming original, plaintext data into scrambled, cyphertext messages that cannot be understood even if it is intercepted during data transmission.

The data used to encrypt code the message is called the encryption key. Secret key encryption relies upon a shared algorithm and an encryption key that must be kept secret to be effective. These methods are discussed in greater detail in the text. The three levels of authentication are 1 what you have, 2 what you know, and 3 who you are. Most business security systems depend on only one or two of these—rarely all three.

High-level security in business and government environments might require all three. Instructors are encouraged to ask students about different situations in which they had to use these different types of authentication. A digital signature is an electronic attachment that verifies and authenticates a business transaction e. The digital signature replaces a hand-written signature, which is difficult to transmit in non-graphic electronic documents.

Like hand-written signatures, however, the objective of a digital signature is to assure the recipient that the document itself is legitimate and faithfully represents the intentions of an authentic sender. Thus, digital signatures are important on the Internet and value-added networks as a security tool. Commerce is booming on the Internet, and most but certainly not all businesses have been able to boost both sales and profits as a result. Will all businesses do well? This is unlikely. However, the chapter notes that selling products and services on the Internet enables businesses to reach wider audiences, stay open around the clock, and maintain up-to- the-minute information on prices and products.

Such selling also helps businesses reduce selling costs because there is less sales labor and overhead-costs , inventory costs because finished products are produced or ordered from suppliers in response to sales rather than in anticipation of sales , and processing costs because sales and shipping documents are 6.

Core Concepts of Accounting Information Systems, 13th Edition

For businesses that sell many products, a web-based system requires a large investment in technology—both in upfront costs of development and ongoing costs of routine maintenance. Thus, most businesses must weigh the cost of building and maintaining a web presence against the additional revenues that such business generates. It is not a given that revenues will always offset costs. The Internet provides opportunities as well as challenges for businesses.

To illustrate, the very smallest companies typically profit from a web presence because they are no longer limited to physical sales in local markets. At the same time, larger businesses feel increased pressure on prices and therefore profits due to the ease with which both retail and wholesale consumers now have access to a wealth of information and alternate sources for common goods and services. This chapter provides several additional reasons why businesses can increase both sales and profits using Internet-based technologies. One example is the use of intranets and extranets to better secure LAN communications and increase access to and from trusted suppliers— possibilities that might decrease costs and therefore increase profits.

Another example is the use of groupware to increase employee productivity. A third example is the expanded use of XBRL, which may enable a business to better report financial information and therefore reduce its accounting expenses see Problems and Similar comments apply to firms that expand sales by accepting e-payments or reducing costs by expanding their e- business or EDI capabilities. Problems Acronyms: a. EC electronic commerce b. EDI electronic data interchange c. E-mail electronic mail d. HTTP hypertext markup language e.

IDS intrusion detection system f. IETF internet engineering task force g. IP address Internet Protocol address h. ISP internet service provider i. URL universal resource locator j.

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VANs value-added networks k. VPN virtual private network l. WWW world wide web m. XBRL extensible business reporting language n. XML extensible markup language o. IDEA interactive data and electronic applications p. SaaS Software as a service q. Depending on the sources of information used, the students may have a variety of different points about the advantages and disadvantages of implementing an intranet in the local company. Note: the website has changed slightly.

This problem requires students to log onto the XBRL home page and then a write a one-page summary of a new development and b select an article from those describing XBRL benefits and write a summary of it. This problem requires students to write a one page report on each of the items listed below.


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The answers to most of these questions may be found at: 1 www. History of XBRL. He developed prototypes of financial statements and audit schedules using XML.

A more complete history of XBRL can be found at www. XBRL Specifications.

Core Concepts Of Accounting Information Systems 11th - Bagranoff.pdf

Current needs are for new formula, functions and taxonomy requirements. Continuous Reporting. Continuous reporting is an interesting concept. Generally speaking, the technology already exists for companies to report information more frequently than they currently do.

Presumably, other reasons exist for not reporting more often and certainly not daily or weekly!

A number of articles 9. Some authors believe that continuous auditing is inevitable, while others suggest that this is not necessary. In any case, this question should start a lively dialog with the students regarding the future of IT auditing and the implications for corporate America.

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Students who access the IDEA database will have no problem answering this question. We ran out of Internet addresses because the number of different IP addresses available with 32 bits was insufficient to accommodate the global demand for different ones. Although this is a large number, the need for distinct addresses world-wide was even greater, and we ran out of them. The new IP standard uses bits.


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The value of is greater than ,,,,,,,,,,,, —a very large number that should satisfy our need for IP addresses for some time to come. Several reasons probably account for why we have not run out of telephone numbers, despite their seemingly small size. Chapters The Accounting Cycle. Persons using accounting information who are not directly involved in the running of the organization.

Core Concepts Of Accounting Information Systems PDF

Cash and Receivable Accounting Chapter 6. Accounting I Chapter 2 Quiz. Professors often select their exam questions from test banks, which means all you need to do well on your exams is to study the test bank. Describe service, merchandising, and manufacturing businesses. That is, the amount outstanding debt is a total that includes resources originally advanced plus interest accrued to date minus any repayments. Classify these costs as direct materials, direct labor, manufacturing overhead, selling, or Intermediate Accounting 3rd Edition Volume 2 Lo- Solutions Manual.

Students will have the opportunity to use real-world accounting software, real-world source For Student Resources, choose a chapter above. Accounting Text and Cases 12 Ed.